The effective population of the Amur tiger, also known as the Siberian tiger, is down to just 14 animals.
There are about 500 Amur tigers currently surviving in the wild, but the effective population accounts for genetic diversity. But the tiger has a very low diversity, which means that any disease or rare genetic disorders will probably be passed on to the next generation.
The WWF goes so far as to state that if no action is taken, tigers may become extinct in the next 12 years.
This past November, a summit was held focused on saving tigers from extinction. The summit's biggest news? Leonardo DiCaprio survived a plane accident and still managed to attend.
But also at the summit - countries agreed to double the tiger population by 2022 and crack down on poaching and illegal trade of tiger parts. It is an uphill battle, but one worth fighting.
[Image via WENN.]